Woven Fabrics

Directional Woven Fibers

Woven Fabric materials are used in the wet-wrapping process.

  • Materials can be E-glass, S-glass, carbon fiber, woven or stitched together to form strong fabric.
  • For oilfield applications, we use directional fiber that is 50/50 or 90/10 and 3-D weave.
  • Weight ranges from 1 oz./yard to 600 oz./yard depending on the needs.

Common weave patterns used in oil and gas applications

plain weave

Plain Weave

  • Fiber is interlaced in an alternating pattern
  • Has good fabric stability
  • Most common fabric used in electronics and coating industries
leno weave


  • Used where relatively low aerial weights but specific thickness needs to be the same
  • This fabric is commonly seen in EIFS applications and to set bond line thicknesses for adhesives
basket weave

Basket Weave

  • Similar to plain weave except that two or more fibers are alternately interlaced over and under one another
  • More pliable, flatter and stronger than plain weave, just not as stable
4H satin weave

4H Satin

  • Relies on three by one interlacing pattern
  • The fiber floats over three warp fibers and under one
  • Better at conforming to curved surfaces plus more pliable than plain weave
3d weave

3D Woven Fabric

  • 3D woven fabric is 3-Dimension fabric
  • Fiberglass makes up the 3D woven fabric that adds strength, which is similar to steel, but is not high in weight
  • Compared to a 2D fabric it has limited delamination due to the 3D weave
  • The 3D woven fabric has a shorter process time